The commercial truck industry is the bloodline for the USA, keeping the country alive and wealthy. To get an idea about the significance of the truck industry, the industry directly employs nearly 9 million people with over 3 million truck drivers. Also, over 15 million trucks are delivering essential items across the country on any given day. Annually commercial trucks in the USA traverse over 400 billion miles, taking along them 70% of all the freight that has to be transported in all different places in the United States.
Honestly, the numbers speak for themselves for the significance of the truck industry in keeping the USA alive and wealthy. Now, the truck industry is a really broad term and may include several different types of commercial trucks including:
- The heavy-duty trucks
- Dump trucks
- Panel trucks
- Dump trucks
- Tow trucks
- Firefighting trucks
- Garbage trucks
- Tanker trucks
- Flatbed trucks
Now, on the flip side of the industry, there are over 500,000 truck accidents that are reported each year by the US Department of Transportation (DoT). This number is big when we see that it represents nearly 2.5% of all the vehicle accidents that happened in the United States annually. If we further expand into the stats of the truck accidents in the United States, we found that only 1/3rd of all the truck-related incidents that happened in annually are due to the fault of the truck driver, whereas 2/3rd of the accidents are due to the negligence and fault of the drivers of the passenger cars.
While these numbers look reassuring from the perspective of truck drivers, still the maintenance of the trucks is an important consideration to minimize the incidents even further. And to be able to achieve that, there are specific truck maintenance checklists that are custom made to ensure the safety and proper functioning of different types of trucks.
The truck maintenance checklist and overall operations of the commercial trucks in the United States come within the scope of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). The department has come up with extensive and detailed truck maintenance checklists for pre-trip inspection of all commercial trucks. According to the recommendations of the FMCSA, the truck drivers should always conduct a pre-trip inspection in line with the truck maintenance checklist to ensure road safety. Some of the checks including in the truck maintenance checklist include:
- The tires
According to the statistics, nearly 1/3rd of the cost involved in truck maintenance comes from the maintenance of the tires. Thereby, it is important to check the air pressure and tread of tires before the trip
- The fluids
Another important maintenance check for trucks is for fluid leakage. The leakage on the pavement under the truck should be check regularly. Moreover, truck drivers are required to check the fluid levels for coolants, antifreeze, oil, fuel, and other fluids that are required for the safe and proper functioning of the truck during the trip. Also, the drivers are recommended to check the gauges for oil and air pressure after turning on the ignition to ensure all gauges are working properly.
- Electrical system and wiring
The entire electrical system and wiring including the headlights, turn signals, brake lights, flashers, and other important electrical components need to be checked thoroughly to ensure proper working of all lights and other electrical systems.
Brakes are yet another component for the truck maintenance checklist which should be checked regularly before the trip. Here, the truck drivers should inspect the parking and standard brakes, as well as, check for the pressure system to ensure the proper functioning of the brakes.
This great article is written on the behalf of Ecodocs which is one of the best Fleet Maintenance Software provider in all over the World.